Trollope, Sir Andrew
- (d. 1461)Having acquired a reputation for courage and skill in the French wars, Sir Andrew Trollope was perhaps the most famous professional soldier in England at the start of the WARS OF THE ROSES.Although Jean de Waurin claimed Trollope was of lower class origins, little is known of his early life. Trollope fought with distinction in Normandy in the 1440s, returning to England in 1450 after the surrender of Falaise. By 1453, he was in CALAIS, holding an appointment as sergeant-porter of the garrison. When Richard NEVILLE, earl of Warwick, who had been captain of Calais since 1456, brought part of the garrison to England to support Richard PLANTAGENET, duke of York, in 1459,Trollope came with him. On the night of 12 October 1459 at the Battle of LUDFORD BRIDGE, Trollope accepted HENRY VI’s offer of pardon and switched sides, bringing the Calais garrison with him into the Lancastrian camp. Because Trollope was privy to all York’s plans, the duke’s position became untenable, and the Yorkist leaders fled the field during the night. In November, Trollope accompanied Henry BEAUFORT, duke of Somerset, to Calais, where the duke tried unsuccessfully to wrest the town from Warwick. After receiving news of Warwick’s capture of Henry VI at the Battle of NORTHAMPTON in July 1460, Somerset and Trollope surrendered their stronghold at Guisnes and withdrew into FRANCE. Trollope was in northern England by December, when he and Somerset led the Lancastrian force that defeated and killed York at the Battle of WAKEFIELD.Trollope was also one of the leaders of the unruly Lancastrian force that surged south from Wakefield to defeat Warwick at the Battle of ST. ALBANS on 17 February 1461 (see March on London). After the battle, which reunited Henry VI with his family, the king knighted his son Prince EDWARD OF LANCASTER, who in turn knighted Trollope. Sir Andrew supposedly joked that he did not deserve the honor, having killed only fifteen men due to a foot injury inflicted by a caltrop (i.e., a pointed, metal, anticavalry device). After the Battle of St. Albans, Trollope withdrew with the Lancastrian army into Yorkshire, where he died six weeks later at the Battle of TOWTON.See also Recueil des Croniques et Anchiennes Istories de la Grant Bretaigne, a present nomme Engleterre (Waurin)Further Reading: Boardman, Andrew W., The Battle of Towton (Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Sutton Publishing, 1996); Haigh, Philip A., The Military Campaigns of the Wars of the Roses (Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Sutton Publishing, 1995).
Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses. John A.Wagner. 2001.
Look at other dictionaries:
Andrew Trollope — (died 1461) was an English soldier during the later stages of the Hundred Years War and at the time of the Wars of the Roses. Born into a family of Durham dyers, Trollope began his long military career in France in the 1420s as a man at arms,… … Wikipedia
Andrew Trollope — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Trollope. Sir Andrew Trollope (? – 29 mars 1461) est un chef militaire anglais au cours de la guerre des Deux Roses. Biographie Né dans une famille de teinturiers de Durham, il commence sa carrière… … Wikipédia en Français
Trollope Baronets — The Trollope Baronetcy, of Casewick in the County of Lincoln, is a title in the Baronetage of England. It was created on 5 February 1642 for Thomas Trollope. The seventh Baronet was a Conservative politician. In 1868 he was raised to the Peerage… … Wikipedia
Trollope — The name Trollope is derived from the place name Troughburn, in Northumberland. [Hey: p.7] Troughburn was originally Trolhop , meaning (in Norse) Troll Valley, and the earliest recorded use is John Andrew Trolope (1427 1461) who lived in Thornlaw … Wikipedia
Anthony Trollope — Infobox Person name = Anthony Trollope image size = 200px caption = Anthony Trollope birth name = birth date = April 24, 1815 birth place = London death date = December 6, 1882 death place = London death cause = resting place = resting place… … Wikipedia
Anthony Trollope — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Trollope … Wikipédia en Français
New Year Honours 1997 — The New Year Honours 1997 for the United Kingdom and Hong Kong were announced on 31 December, 1996, to celebrate the year passed and mark the beginning of 1997.The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new… … Wikipedia
Dollar Academy — Motto Juventutis Veho Fortunas (Latin: I bear the fortunes of youth ) Established 1818 Type … Wikipedia
List of Privy Counsellors (1837–1901) — This is a List of Privy Counsellors of the United Kingdom appointed during the reign of Queen Victoria, from 1837 to 1901. = Victoria, 1837 1901 = 1837*Henry Stephen Fox Strangways, 3rd Earl of Ilchester (1787–1858) *Henry Charles Howard, Earl of … Wikipedia
John Everett Millais — Born 8 June 1829(1829 06 08) Southampton, England Died 13 Augu … Wikipedia